Fumigation is a treatment method adopted extensively in exterminating pests and diseases in the agricultural procedures of most countries. Although this method (especially the usage of methyl bromide (CH3Br)), is known to be potential in causing negative effects towards the environment, fumigation is still considered as a suitable method in avoiding pests and diseases from affecting the agricultural produce. The Montreal Protocol continues to provide the usage of methyl bromide for the fumigation activities, especially for the purpose of pre-delivery and quarantine.
Most countries require fumigation for certain commodities before exporting. As an evident that the commodity has been fumigated, the import country would require the fumigation supplier and government enforcer responsible to issue the fumigation certificate indicating in detail the type of treatment conducted on the commodity.
A non-effective fumigation may leave an adverse impact towards the Malaysian export trade by raising doubts about the integrity of Malaysian export agricultural produce. Malaysia is deeply concerned on the effort to address the non-effective quarantine fumigation issue towards its exports. To date, Malaysia has established the Fumigation Accreditation Scheme (known as Scheme) for export fumigation in ensuring that all quarantines are conducted in accordance with the world's best practices outlined by the Australian Methyl Bromide Fumigation Standard (known as Standard).
This article ensures the yield to be produced by a certified fumigation and fumigator company when conducting the quarantine fumigation towards export items using methyl bromide under the Scheme.
This article is limited to treatment on items, subject to the quarantine treatment, through methyl bromide fumigation. This proposal paper covers classes of items such as :
- General cargo
In order to be recognised for the Scheme, a certified fumigator from the company must be present for all the fumigation processes. A fumigation company with a qualified fumigator will be given a unique identification number. The fumigation company must record the number on all the fumigation certificates and those relevant to the Department of Agriculture Malaysia.
The Department of Agriculture Malaysia will operate a registration centre for certified fumigation companies and fumigators. The certification will be valid for a 1 year. Certified fumigators are required to reapply for an approval of re-certification within three (3) months before the accreditation period ends. In considering renewal applications, the Department of Agriculture Malaysia will conduct an assessment (open audit) in accordance with the original approval process.
The Department of Agriculture Malaysia will be informed in writing for any changes in the arrangement either between the fumigation company and the certified fumigator or changes in the fumigation company. If there is no guarantee in the integrity of quarantine, the Department of Agriculture Malaysia reserves the right to revoke the certification.
The fumigation companies are responsible to :
- Ensure fumigation complies with the relevant laws, security or licensing codes within the jurisdiction of the fumigation area
- Ensure the fumigation is according to standards
- Ensure only certified fumigator is allowed to conduct fumigation under this scheme
- Ensure the certified fumigator is one who is licensed under their jurisdiction to conduct the fumigation
- Ensure all items are suitable for methyl bromide fumigation before conducting the fumigation
- Ensure a pressure test is carried out on the fumigation containers or are fumigated under a tarp
- Ensure all certified fumigators are knowledgeable of the requirements; and
- Assist the Department of Agriculture Malaysia for any enquiries pertaining to the procedures or consignments inclusive under this Scheme
- List of Certified Fumigation Companies under MAFAS. Click HERE for further information